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南京市大学生创业政府扶持研究

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大篷洛事大学DALIAN MARITIME UNIVERSITY论文题目:文题目:作 者:指导教师:硕士学位论文MASTER DIS SERTATIoN(非全日制专业学位)南京市大学生创业政府扶持研究Research on the Government Support for College Students’Entrepreneurship in Nanj ing行(企)业指导教师:吕向阳专ql,-学位类别:公共管理硕士研究方向:政府治理与领导201 9年5月万方数据JIIIl l[1lll llllllllUl llll/ll lfl l llllJY3671 669专业学位硕士学位论文南京市大学生创业政府扶持研究Research on the Government Support for CollegeStudents’Entrepreneurship in Nanjing学 号: 1120172319答辩时间:2019.5大连海事大学Dalian Maritime University万方数据大连海事大学研究生学位论文原创性声明本人郑重声明:所呈交的学位论文,是本人在导师的指导下进行研究工作所取得的成果。

南京创业扶持条件_南京创业扶持政策_民营创业孵化基地可享政策扶持

尽我所知,除文中已经注明引用内容和致谢的地方外,本论文不包含任何其他个人或集体已经发表或撰写过的研究成果。对论文所涉及的研究工作做出贡献的其他个人和集体,均已在论文中以明确的方式标明或致谢。若有不实之处,本人愿意承担相关法律责任。作者签名:l鳖邀 日期:盟年—L月jL日万方数据大连海事大学专业学位硕士学位论文摘 要近年来,我国高校应届毕业生的人数飞速增长,高校毕业生就业问题成为各级政府面临的棘手问题。从政府层面看,大学生往往是最有可能创业成功的群体之一。政府扶持大学生创业不仅有利于解决大学生的就业难题,更有利于促进大学生的全面自由发展。本文基于公共管理学、公共政策学、社会学等相关学科理论,在吸收借鉴国内外大量研究文献的基础上,对研究对象所涉及的创业、大学生创业和创业政府扶持等相关概念进行了界定,挖掘市场失灵理论、新公共服务理论、服务型政府理论作为理论基础,采用了文献研究法、比较分析法、问卷调查法、访谈法等方法,对南京市大学生创业政府扶持进行研究。从南京市扶持大学生创业的现状看,近些年来,南京市以打造中国创业创新名城为目标,注重发挥科教人才资源优势和城市集聚效应,在强化创业意识、提升创业能力、减轻金融负担、提供公共服务等方面,采取一系列举措办法,增强了南京市大学生的创业意识、提升了创业质量和加快聚集了创业资源要素。

南京创业扶持条件_民营创业孵化基地可享政策扶持_南京创业扶持政策

从调查结果的分析看南京创业扶持政策,由于南京市在扶持大学生创业过程中存在大学生创业政府扶持政策的制定主体多元、政府扶持大学生创业教育理念存在偏差、政府对大学生创业的融资服务缺乏创新、大学生创业的政府公共服务建设相对滞后等原因,导致南京市大学生创业的政府扶持政策出现交叉、政府对大学生创业教育普及推广不足、大学生创业的政府融资渠道不畅、政府推进创业文化宣传成效不明显等问题比较突出。通过研究发现,国外和国内其他城市政府在扶持大学生创业方面有着成功的经验。国外方面,美国政府引导高校构建完善的创业教育体系,日本政府主导、社会参与促进大学生创业,英国政府、社会共同出资建立创业专项基金和韩国政府建立功能全面的创业服务载体等做法,有效地促进了本国的大学生创业工作。国内方面,北京市政府助推“一站式”大学生创业孵化基地建设,上海市政府主导提供充足的大学生创业资金支持,长沙市政府为创业大学生聘请“创业导师团”等做法,为当地大学生创业提供了有力的政府扶持。本文借鉴美国、日本、英国、韩国以及北京、上海、长沙在大学生创业政府扶持方面的先进做法,提出做好南京市大学生创业政府扶持的相关对策:一是要保障大学生创业政府扶持政策落地见效,既要根据需求调整政策扶持的重点,又要在健全大学生创业政府扶持政策的执行监督机制上下功夫;二是提升大学生创业教育的质量,特别是要注重推动高校完善大学生创业教育课程体系和鼓励高校优化大学生创业教育师资队伍;三万方数据南京市大学生创业政府扶持研究是要打造全方位的融资服务链,即扩大政府扶持基金的资助范围和规模,健全大学生创业金融风险规避和补偿机制,整合大学生创业投融资服务平台。

南京创业扶持条件_民营创业孵化基地可享政策扶持_南京创业扶持政策

四是要营造浓厚的创业社会氛围,南京市政府要在引导大学生树立正确的创业理想信念和创业价值观,加大对大学生创业先进典型的舆论宣传力度和推进大学生创业的政府公共服务载体建设等方面出台创新举措。关键词:大学生;创业;政府扶持;南京市万方数据大连海事大学专业学位硕士学位论文Research on the Government Support for CollegeStudents’Entrepreneurship in Nanj ingAbstractIn recent years,the number of college graduates in China has been growing rapidly南京创业扶持政策,Theemployment problem of college graduates has become a thorny problem faced by governmentsat all levels.From the perspective of government.college students are often one of the groupsmost likely toentrepreneurialsuccess.Thegovernment’S supportfor college students’entrepreneurship isnot only conducive to solving the employment problems of Collegestudents,but also conducive to promoting the all-round and free development of Collegestudents.Based on the theories of public management,public policy,,sociology and other relateddisciplines,and on the basis of absorbing and referring to a large number of domestic andforeign research literature,this paper defines the concepts related to entrepreneurship,collegestudents。

民营创业孵化基地可享政策扶持_南京创业扶持条件_南京创业扶持政策

entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial government support.This paperexcavatesmarket failure theory,new public service theory and service-oriented government theory as thetheoretical basis,adopts literature research,comparative analysis,questionnaire survey,interviews and other methods to study the support ofNanjing municipal government for collegestudents’entrepreneurship.From the current situation of supporting college students to start their own businesses inNanj ing,In recent years,Nanj ing has been aiming to build a famous city of entrepreneurshipand innovation in China,has paid attention to giving full play to the advantages of science andeducation talents resources and the effect of urban agglomeration,has taken a series ofmeasures to strengthen the consciousness of entrepreneurship,enhance entrepreneurship ability,reduce financial burden and provide public services.These measures have effectively promotedcollege students’entrepreneurship awareness,the quality of college students’entrepreneurship,and accelerated the accumulation of entrepreneurial resources.From the analysis ofthe survey results,there are many reasons,such as the diversificationof the main body of govemment support policy,the deviation of the concept of governmentsupport for college students’entrepreneurship education,the lack ofinnovation of governmentfinancing services for college students’entrepreneurship,and the hysteresis of governmentpublic service construction for college students’entrepreneurship,which lead to many problemsare obvious,such as overlapping of the government。

南京创业扶持条件_南京创业扶持政策_民营创业孵化基地可享政策扶持

S Support Policy for College Students。Entrepreneurship in Nanjing,the lack of the government’S popularization of entrepreneurship..III..万方数据南京市大学生创业政府扶持研究education for college students,the Failure of the government financing channels for collegestudents‘entrepreneurship,and the ineffective promotion of entrepreneurship culture by thegovernment.Through the research,it is found that foreign and other domestic city governments havesuccessful experience in supporting college students’entrepreneurship.For example at abroad,the US government guides colleges and universities to build a perfect education system forentrepreneurship,the Japanese government plays a leading rolein promoting college students’entrepreneurship and social participation,the British government and society jointly funded theestablishment of a special fund for college students’entrepreneurship,and the government ofSouth Korea to establish acomprehensive function of college students entrepreneurship servicecarrier.At home,Beijing municipal government promotes the construction of”one.stop”entrepreneurship incubator base for college students,the Shanghai municipal governmentprovides sufficient financial support for college students’entrepreneurship,and the Changshamunicipal government pays forthe recruitment of”entrepreneurship mentor group”for collegestudents。

entrepreneurship.These experiences have effectively promoted the en仃epreneurialwork of local college students.Based on the advanced practices of the United States,Japan,the United Kingdom,SouthKorea,Beij ing,Shanghai and Changsha in the government support of college students’entrepreneurship,the paper puts forward that the following measures should be taken to do agood job in the government support of college students’entrepreneurship in Nanjing:First,wewill ensure that government policies tosupport college students in starting businesses areeffective,this means that we should not only adjust the key points of policy support accordingto the entrepreneurial needs of college students,but also improve the implementation andsupervision mechanism of government support policies for college students to start their ownbusinesses.Secondly,we should improve the quality of entrepreneurship education for collegestudents,especially focus on promoting improve curriculum system of entrepreneurshipeducation for college students and encouraging universities to optimize the teaching staff ofentrepreneurship education for college students.Third,we should build an a11.round servicechain of College Students’entrepreneurship financing,this means that we should expand thescope and scale of the government support fund for college students’entrepreneurship,improvethe financial risk compensation and subsidy mechanism for college students’entrepreneurship,and integrate the service platform forcollege students’entrepreneurship investment andfinancing.Fourth,we should create a sUong socialatmosphereforcollegestudents’Entrepreneurship,this means that Nanj ing Municipal Government should guide collegestudents to establish correct entrepreneurial ideals,beliefs and values,increase thepropaganda—IV万方数据大连海事大学专业学位硕士学位论文of public opinion on advanced and typical entrepreneurship of College students,and Promotethe construction ofgovernment public service carriers for college students’entrepreneurshipKey Words:College Students:Entrepreneurship;Government Support:Nanj ing.V.万方数据南京市大学生创业政府扶持研究目 录摘 要⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯.IAbstract................⋯⋯............................................⋯.......................................................III1绪{仑⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯l1.1研究背景和研究意义⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯l1.1.1 研究背景⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯11.1.2研究意义⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯21.2研究综述⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯31.2.1 国外研究综述⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯31.2.2国内研究综述⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯41.3研究思路与研究方法⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯61.3.1 研究思路⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯61.3.2研究方法⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯..72相关概念及理论基础⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯一92.1相关概念⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯92.1.1创业⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯…

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